India – Map

India on World Map

National Flag of India




IndiaFacts

Official Name Republic of India
Capital New Delhi
Population 1,270,272,105 (1.27 billion)
Area 1,269,219 square miles
Currency Rupee
Religion Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity
Literacy 74.04%
Languages Hindi, English
Major Cities New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai
Climate Mainly tropical and subtropical climate


India States and Capitals

Sl.No State Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada (New)
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
3 Assam Dispur
4 Bihar Patna
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur
6 Goa Panaji
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar
8 Haryana Chandigarh
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla
10 Jammu and Kashmir Jammu (winter),Srinagar (summer)
11 Jharkhand Ranchi
12 Karnataka Bengaluru
13 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
15 Maharashtra Mumbai
16 Manipur Imphal
17 Meghalaya Shillong
18 Mizoram Aizawl
19 Nagaland Kohima
20 Odisha Bhubaneswar
21 Punjab Chandigarh
22 Rajasthan Jaipur
23 Sikkim Gangtok
24 Tamil Nadu Chennai
25 Telangana Hyderabad
26 Tripura Agartala
27 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
28 Uttarakhand Dehradun
29 West Bengal Kolkata




Introduction

Crowned by the world’s highest mountain range “The Himalayas”and surrounded by Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan and Bangladesh, stands India. It is the largest sovereign, democratic, republic in South Asia. India’s coastline stretches over a distance of seven thousand kilometers. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Indian Ocean in the South. Comprising twenty-eight states, seven Union Territories and one National Capital Territory, Delhi, India is the seventh-largest country of the world. With a population of 1,210,193,422, India is the second-most populated country in the world.

India has a glorious history, which dates back to 3200 B.C. Beginning with the Indus Valley Civilization in India when Hinduism took birth, India has had a rich historical lineage. India was the richest nation of the world and was known as “The Golden Bird”. The rich natural resources, the rich culture and wealth of India attracted many foreign invaders. Some came for business or studies and some to plunder. It is also during this period that different foreign cultures

Physical Map of India

India can be divided into seven regions- Northern mountain ranges which includes the Himalayas and the North-eastern mountain ranges; Indo-Gangetic plain; deserts; Central highlands and Peninsular plateau; east coast; west coast; bordering seas and islands. The rivers can be divided into three groups: the great Himalayan rivers of the north, the westward-flowing rivers of central India, and the eastward-flowing rivers of the Deccan Plateau and the rest of peninsular India.

Climate of India

Most of the parts in India have a tropical or subtropical climate, with little variation in temperature between seasons. The northern plains, however, have a greater temperature range, with cooler winters and hotter summers. The mountain areas have cold winters and cool summers. As elevations increase sharply in the mountains, climate type can change from subtropical to polar within a few miles.

People of India

Owing to its ability to adopt people from all types of background, India is home to diverse population. The country had inherited a civilization that began more than 4,500 years ago. They are culturally diverse and religion plays an important role in each one’s life. About 83 percent of the people practice Hinduism. Another 12 percent are Muslims, and millions of others are Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains.
India does not have any national language. Hindi has the largest number of speakers and is the official language of the government. English is also used as a used “subsidiary official language”; it is used for educational, business and administrative purposes. The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes twenty-two regional languages as official Indian languages.

Economy of India

Since its independence from the British rule in 1947, India has been making considerable progress in the economic sector. Under the British, the cottage industries and the then thriving trades of India were virtually destroyed due to import of European manufactured goods, which the government paid for with the exports of agricultural products such as cotton, opium, and tea.






National Anthem


Prime Ministers of India

Sl.No Portrait Name Tenure
18 Shri Narendra Modi From 26 May 2014
17 ShriDr. Manmohan Singh May 22, 2004 – May 26, 2014
16 Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee March 19, 1998 – May 22, 2004
15 Shri Inder Kumar Gujral April 21, 1997 – March 19, 1998
14 Shri H. D. Deve Gowda June 1, 1996 – April 21, 1997
13 Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee May 16, 1996 – June 1, 1996
12 Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao June 21, 1991- May 16, 1996
11 Shri Chandra Shekhar November 10, 1990 – June 21, 1991
10 Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh December 2, 1989 – November 10, 1990
9 Shri Rajiv Gandhi October 31, 1984 – December 2, 1989
8 Smt. Indira Gandhi January 14, 1980 – October 31, 1984
7 Shri Charan Singh July 28, 1979 – January 14, 1980
6 Shri Morarji Desai March 24, 1977 – July 28, 1979
5 Smt. Indira Gandhi January 24, 1966 – March 24, 1977
4 Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda January 11, 1966 – January 24, 1966
3 Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri June 9, 1964 – January 11, 1966
2 Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda May 27, 1964 – June 9, 1964
1 Shri Jawaharlal Nehru August 15, 1947 – May 27, 1964


President of India

Sl.No Portrait Name Tenure
16 Pranab Mukherjee From 25 July 2012
15 Pratibha Patil 25 July 2007 -25 July 2012
14 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 25 July 2002 -25 July 2007
13 Kocheril Raman Narayanane 25 July 1997 -25 July 2002
12 Shankar Dayal Sharma 25 July 1992 -25 July 1997
11 Ramaswamy Venkataraman 25 July 1987 -25 July 1992
10 Giani Zail Singh 25 July 1982 -25 July 1987
9 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 25 July 1977 -25 July 1982
8 Basappa Danappa Jatti * 11 February 1977 -25 July 1977
7 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 24 August 1974 -11 February 1977
6 Varahagiri Venkata Giri 24 August 1969 -24 August 1974
5 Mohammad Hidayatullah 20 July 1969 -24 August 1969
4 Varahagiri Venkata Giri* Acting President of India 3 May 1969 – 20 July 1969
3 Zakir Hussain 13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969
2 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 13 May 1962 – 13 May 1967
1 Rajendra Prasad 26 January 1950 – 12 May 1962